Red mud pollution in China
China’s aluminium industry currently produces over 40 million tons of red mud every year. In the whole of China, there is a total of 200 million tons of red mud being stocked. According to Wikipedia, Red mud or red sludge is a waste product generated in the industrial production of aluminium. With about 77 million tons of this hazardous material produced annually, red mud is one of the most important disposal problems in the mining industry. The disposal of red mud must be done with care and be subject to strict environmental regulations. Failure to do so runs the risk of causing great harm to the environment. The examples in the photos are an illustration of how red mud disposal should not be handled.
What is happening within the Chinese aluminium industry goes against the environmental goals laid out by Xi Jinping. As the industry continues to be driven by financial interests, its aggressive expansion and polluting habits may not be deterred by the curtailment and environment policies of the Chinese government.